Hackviking He killed Chuck Norris, he ruled dancing so he took up a new hobby…

27Feb/200

Unifi Controller Docker backup

Currently running my Unifi Controller as a docker container which works great. If you ever ended up with a broken Unifi Controller or Cloud Key you know the hassle it is to re-adopt and re-provision all your network gear to get back to square one. You should really keep track of the automatic backups from Unifi.

I'm using ryansch/unifi-rpi container which has more then 10 million pulls on docker hub. There isn't any information about handeling backups in the description which surprises me! It is however a pretty easy thing to setup properly. Since I'm running my Unifi Controller in docker on a Raspberry Pi Docker Swarm my biggest fear is to fry the SD card. If I fry the SD card on the docker node it will also fry the automatic backups the unifi controller writes to disk.

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26Feb/200

MySQL on Docker Swarm

For several applications around the house, I need a MySQL backend. The biggest database I run is about 60Mb of data for my Kodi media players. By using centralized storage like this I only need to update one of them when I add new media. Also convenient if I watch a movie in the living room, pause it, and then want to continue in the bedroom. A few years ago we actually did this with our apartment in San Francisco and our other apartment in Sweden. So this has been battle-proven over the years for me.

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25Feb/200

Raspberry Pi Docker Swarm

For small home server applications like Hassio, Plex and headless BitTorrent boxes Raspberry Pi has been a great solution for years. I came to a point where I was running several ones with different software on it depending on it's intended use. This, however, isn't ideal for a number of reasons. Even though Raspberry Pis are cheap you usually end up underutilizing the hardware. So we could be running more stuff on the same hardware. The second issue is the setup, I have done numerous posts about setting up different systems and how to maintain them.

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30Oct/171

Raspberry Pi: Ubiquiti UniFi Controller

You can use Unifi Controller from your computer to configure and monitor your Ubiquiti access points but a cloud key is much nicer. The Unifi Cloud Key is basically just an ARM computer running of an SD-card. Sound familiar? So what's the difference between that and a Raspberry Pi? Not much besides memory and price. It more or less costs three times as much and the extra memory is not necessary for a small office or home installation. The Unifi Controller doesn't only take care of your access points but also firewall and switches if you use Unifi gear. In my case I have a Ubiquiti Edge Router X as a firewall and that doesn't play with the Unifi Controller. At the same time it has a very nice UI as is and have 5 separate ports for different LAN's while the entry firewall for Unify has 3 where one is WAN and one is for voip. In this article I describe how to setup Unifi Controller on a Raspberry Pi, provision the AP and then keep the Unifi Controller in a different subnet from the WLAN. I also show how to setup a guest wifi on a separate subnet.

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25Sep/1719

Automated Raspberry Pi Backup – complete image

I love my Raspberry Pi projects and I run a lot of specialist "mini" servers at home doing everything from torrent sharing of Linux distros to media streaming and media playing. But all Raspberry Pi's and other single board computers that rely on SD-cards sooner or later comes to a point where they trash the card and doesn't boot again.

Every time I run into that situation without remembering exactly what was running and how on the particular Raspberry Pi. I want backups, not just the backup I usually do right after installation but a last night backup or similar. So I put up an NFS share on my NAS to store the backups, it will work just as well with a USB stick connected directly to the Raspberry Pi. Here is a step by step guide how I automated the backups on all my Raspberry Pi's. This script will create a complete image of the SD-card while the Raspberry Pi is running. You can just write that image to a new SD-card and pop it into the Pi and it will be like nothing happened!

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20Mar/170

Kodi central db backup

Using a central database for all your Kodi media players is convenient. Only one of them need to scan for new content or you can even update the database straight away. It holds state across all the devices like paused movies, watched episodes etc. If you have a large library it takes time to scan it all again so you should keep it backed up. I didn't but now I do!

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1Mar/174

RaspberryPI: Print server

The goal for this build was to create a print server for my Brother HL-110 and Dymo LabelWriter 450 that could be used by both Mac and Windows. It turned out to be more tricky then I expected! After some research, testing and re-installs I came up with a solution that worked. It involves compiling drivers, setting up CUPS and samba to get all the parts to work properly.

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14Jun/160

Control Kodi with your TV-remote without CEC

HDMI-CEC is a wonderful thing when you have it! It enables your TV to relay control signals over the HDMI cable which gives you the ability to control your Kodi mediaplayer, or similar device, with your TV remote. Unfortunately not all TV's support this and that leaves you with a few options with disadvantages.

The smart phone apps available for controlling Kodi are good, no question about it. But every time I put on my TV I need to find my smartphone or tablet and make sure I'm on the correct wifi. Call me old fashioned but I like the TV as a semi stand alone device if you know what I mean.

Secondary remotes come in a number of different types. There are the regular IR based once that require additional hardware, if you don't have IR reception on your device. Since all my Kodi boxes are Raspberry Pi based I need additional hardware. There is also stand alone remotes connected to wifi ro Bluetooth which are pretty good but expensive. As soon as your dog, child or other semi destructive member of your household get their hands on it will be broken or gone.

As I mentioned before you need additional hardware on the Raspberry Pi to support a remote control unless it's communicating over the HDMI port. I also want a cheap solution that I can easily replace if damaged or lost. And if possible I don't want a second remote control for my TV setup. Here comes Flirc and saves the day!

Flirc is a programmable USB IR-receiver that can be used with any remote control! It even has a profile for Kodi in it's setup application. It's usually recommended for Kodi users in combination with a standard Apple TV remote. Even if I like the Apple TV remote it's still a second remote. There are a number of unused buttons on any TV remote that can be programmed into the Flirc. In my case I realized that the up, down, right and left keys on my TV remote, that are crucial for Kodi operations, where unused while not in the menu system of my TV. If I tried to use them without the menu open there where no response from the TV at all.

The setup of the Flirc is really easy! Just connect it to your computer and download the software, select the profile and then program the buttons you want. Then just unplug it and connect it to your Kodi box. It is also very sensitive for IR-signals, all my Raspberry Pi's are strapped to the back of my TV furniture but thanks to my white walls the IR-signal bounces in there and are picked up without any problem.

It's currently priced under $23 on Amazon and really worth it. It can be used with any remote and you can replace your TV set and just reprogram it if needed.

 

12Jun/162

Raspbian Jessie: Set a static IP-address

For many of my projects on the Raspberry Pi a static, or fixed, IP-address has been needed. Here is a quick tutorial on how to set it up. This is aimed for SSH users who have no GUI on there Pi. Before you configured this by editing the network interfaces config file but not any more. Raspbian Jessie comes with dhcpcd5 by default and you can uninstall it it's just easier to append to it's configuration. Start by opening it's configuration.

sudo nano /etc/dhcpcd.conf

dhcpcd.conf

At the end of this line you can add a static IP-address configuration. Here is an example:

#static ip
interface eth0
static ip_address=192.168.0.3/24
static routers=192.168.0.1
static domain_name_servers=8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4

First we specify the interface eth0 then all options follows with the prefix static. Ip address is specified with subnet, /24 is the equivalent of a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0. We also specify the networks default gateway for all traffic that will leave the network. In most cases this is your router for home built projects. We also need some DNS servers so we can use FQDN instead of just ip addresses when we communicate. In this example I have used the two Google DNS servers.

3Jun/160

HifiBerry Dac on Raspberry Pi OpenElec Kodi

Have been experiencing static noise from the analog output on my Raspberry Pi for some time. Tested several different power sources and it came to a point where I wasn't sure if the noise has always been present or not. In the end I got a HifiBerry Dac+ and some decent cables and the issue went away. The installation was really easy and well documented in the HifiBerry Knowledge base. In the video above you can see the difference, I very much recommend this!